A variety of marine programs, conducted by engineers also fall under this area of study, like underwater vehicle research, cable laying work, renewable energy production in marine areas etc. In the latter half of the 19th century, marine engines for propulsion arrived and revolutionized the sea travelling vessels. It’s just this time that the marine engineer began to stamp his importance over the scheme of work and transformed from a ‘stoker’ to an engineer.
Past years, there have been many new establishments to the marine technologies that have further enhanced the machines and the services like the fuel cells and magneto hydrodynamics etc. Further research and development are also in progress and newer details emerge every now and then. It was state that marine engineering is a very dynamic field. In a recent time this field of study we caught those around the world to be in imagination state.
The interest was shown by students of various countries and the response at the concerned departments in the universities bears testimony to this. The escalation in the employment opportunities in this field has added to the lure of a job as a marine engineer. The merchant navy and armed navy have created opportunities for the students of this field. In addition to this, various manufacturing industries and units that produce shipping equipment and machines also hire these professionals to work in their production houses.
In some countries, a marine engineer can switch over to armed navy (after giving physical and medical fitness exams) as the technical qualification requirement are already achieved by a seagoing engineer. Budding field jobs as trainers and teachers at numerous institutions are available and suitable candidates are very much in demand. Arbitrate by the developments and the interest it would not be wrong to assume that this field of study would continue to leave an indelible or unerasable mark on the world.
A marine engineer or (Ship engineer)
Is someone who designs engines and propulsion systems, builds, tests prototypes, maintenance and repair of all major mechanical and engineered equipment on-board a ships or boats, underwater craft, offshore platforms, and drilling equipment. They also work closely with naval architects to design everything from small yachts and fishing boats to submarines and aircraft carriers. Those who studied marine engineering (sometimes also called maritime engineering)
They have several mechanical systems that help in the operations of any vessel like the propulsion mechanics, electricity and power generation system, lubrication, fuel systems, water distillation, lighting and air conditioning system etc. These are some of the technical responsibilities of a marine engineer.
*When working on smaller recreational vessels, such as sailboats, speedboats, and fishing boats, marine engineers will design new models, improve different types of on-board systems, experiment with different types of fuels and fuel systems, navigation systems, steering systems, propulsion devices, outboard and inboard motors, and other important equipment.
*When working on larger ships like, cruise ships or ocean liners, marine engineers use computer-aided drafting programs to conduct simulated efficiency tests and to design systems. The engineer is very involved with the construction process, and has specialized knowledge of large-scale power supply systems and propulsion devices.
Some person will ask what is the workplace of a marine engineer? Marine engineers can choose to work in the office or on certain types of vessels (for example, passenger boats, sailboats, cruise ships, submarines, or military battleships and aircraft carriers). He/she often oversees the construction of prototypes and helps to test and tweak finished boats. They also spend times on sea trials, because is part of the job. Marine engineers may spend their time aboard a ship testing how the vessel is performing, gathering information for maintenance, or for an upcoming retrofit. Marine engineers who specialize in offshore drilling often spend time on the oil rig to oversee maintenance or repair efforts involving the rig’s mechanical systems.
Marine engineers designed on-board systems such as:
– Steering or control systems
– Propulsion systems (gas turbine, diesel engine, or nuclear reactor)
– Mechanical and electrical systems
A marine engineer can opt for different types of vessels, depending how his/her trained and expertise, which can be categorized to:
- Foreign going dry vessels
- Offshore going tanker vessels (oil, gas, chemical etc)
- Coastal trading dry and tanker ships
- Passenger vessels
- Dynamic position vessels
- Offshore platforms and ships
- Assisting boats and ship (Tugs, barges etc)
Duties of Marine Engineers
Some of the significant duties that marine engineering (maritime engineering) perform are:
Maintenance of mechanical systems: Allocated engineers of each rank on board ship to specific machinery and systems for maintenance and monitoring purpose. Machinery systems are shares among all engineers and it is the duty of each engineer to ensure his/her machinery is running at all times. And is also there obligation to look after the machinery on deck.
Keeping record and planning maintenance: The engine room department works as a team to ensure maintenance of all machinery systems is carried out according to the planned maintenance system. Exactitude record keeping of various parameters is carried out for official paperwork and reporting. They are also in charge of keeping engineering manuals, schematics and blueprints in good order.
Fuel oil refueling station/bunkering: Marine engineers are also uncharged of transfer of fuel oil to the ship from a fueling station or barge. It is usually the duties of the 4th engineers, who also takes regular soundings of the fuel oil tanks and report it to the chief engineer for planning bunkering operations.
Standby for any unexpected breakdown: Marine engineering are also teaches how to deal with major maintenance and breakdown of machinery systems at sea. In addition, marine engineers are expected to work with the experts to repair and resolve the issue. Ordinary marine engineers are quite capable of doing it; there are times when they might be in need for experts.
Apart from the above-mentioned duties, a Marine Engineer on ships is required to follow all the instructions of the chief engineer, the head of the engine room department on the ship.